Mantras play a very significant role in Hinduism. There are several mantras chanted by most of us to get several benefits like Gauri Stuti, prayer to Param Tapasvini Mata Maha Gauri to obtain the desired husband, the Vishnu Mantra – Shantakaram Bhujagashayanam, prayer to the preserver of the universe Narayan to be under his shelter, the Gayatri Mantra prayer offered to Ved Mata Gayatri to get success in life, Lakshmi Stotra, prayer offered to the goddess of wealth, Mata Maha Lakshmi to get wealth and prosperity, etc. These mantras are not only chanted by us but also by gods and goddesses. One such powerful mantra is the Aditya Hridaya Stotra prayer to Surya Dev.

Where it comes from?

The Aditya Hridaya Stotra is mentioned in the Yuddha Kanda of the Valmiki Ramayan. It is a prayer offered by Lord Ram to Surya Dev before he went on a war with Raavan. It was recited to Lord Ram by Agastya Rishi one of the Saptarishis in Hindu Mythology.

Why did Lord Ram chant the Aditya Hriday Stotra?

The war with Raavan was on apparently Lord Ram’s army was on the verge of winning but still, Lord Ram was horrified. As closer, the days came when Lord Ram had to fight the final war with Raavan and take back his Sita along with him, his anxiety increased. He had a lack of confidence. He remained worried through the days and night. He was also not being able to have proper sleep. Seeing his Ram Bhaiya worried, Lord Lakshman immediately started meditating for his brother. Lord Lakshman’s prayers were answered when Agastya Rishi appeared before him. He promised him that he would return back his brother’s mental peace. Moments later, Agastya Rishi went to Lord Ram and told him about a powerful mantra Aditya Hriday Stotra. He told Lord Ram that by meditating on this mantra or even just hearing or reading this mantra can solve issues which have been unsolved since years. It won’t happen in one go. One needs to practice it regularly, one can have success in what ever he/she does with pure intentions, one can gain confidence and fight with anxiety, one can remain focused towards his/her goal, one can also become emotionally independedt. It can also solve problems related to love life also just one needs to chant or hear or read this mantra. After hearing so, Lord Ram immediately told Agastya Rishi that he wanted to practice this stotra and started with it. As Lord Ram started practicing this stotra, all his anxiety went away. He became confident. Lord Ram practiced it for about sixteen days till the war with Raavan was about to start. It took sixteen days because Raavan lost his dear son brave Meghnad by the hands of Lord Lakshman and according to the hindu tradition, one cannot perform any activities or step out of their homes till sixteen days of the death of a person in family.

Practicing Aditya Hriday Stotra

As per the purans, and the Ramayan, practicing Aditya Hriday Stotra is no less than a penance. If one practices this daily with purity in his heart, mind and soul, then he/she gets blessed with whatever he/she desires with pure intentions. Remember pureity is what matters the most. No matter how much efforts you do, if you don’t have purity intentions then, you would never be able to get successful just like Raavan.! There is no such limit nor a particular time to practice this. But it is mostly referred when Surya Dev is there i.e. the time between 5am-2pm.

The Mantra and it’s translation

Source:- Valmiki Ramayan Sanskrit English Transilation, Geeta Press

Tatho yuddha parisrantham samare chinthaya sthitham Ravanam chagratho drusthva yuddhaya samupasthitham (1) After getting exhausted in the battle and on seeing Ravana, who was duly prepared and reached the battle ground Rama stood in the war with a deep thought Daivataischa samagamya drashtama bhagyatho ranam Upagamyaa bravidramam Agasthyo bhagavan rushihi (2) (Seeing this) Bhagavan Sage Agastya, who came along with the Gods to see the battle Approached Rama and spoke to him. Rama Rama mahabaaho srunu guhyam sanatanam Yena sarva nareen vastsaha samara vijayishyasi (3) Rama, O Rama, the elegant one with great shoulders, listen to this eternal secret By which, you, my child, can be victorious on all your enemies in the war Aditya hrudayam punyam sarva shatru vinasanam Jayavaham japennithyam akshayam paramam Shivam (4) This holy Aditya hrudayam can destroy all the enemies and By chanting this stotram daily can bring victory to you all the time without much effort and gives you unending felicity Sarva mangala mangalyam sarvapapa pranaashanam Chintha soka prasamanam ayurvardhanam uttamam (5) This holy hymn is always auspicious, brings prosperity, destroys all the sins Which can alleviate worry and sorrows, bestows wellbeing and longevity, a superior one (among the stotras) Rasmi-mantam samudyantham Devaasura namaskrutham Pujayasva vivaswantham Bhaskaram bhuvaneshwaram (6) This hymn is on the one, who raises up with glorious rays, who is bowed both by the Gods and demons You worship him, the one who can cover the tejas of other, The Lord Bhaskara, The giver of the light to the Lokas Sarvadevatmako hyesha Tejaswi rasmi bhavanaha Esha devaasuraganan lokan pati gabasthibhihi (7) The one who is the embodied form of all the Devas, the self-luminous, who energizes all the beings with his rays Who can protects the Deva and Asura ganas of all the Lokas with his rays Esha Brahma cha Vishnvascha Shivaha Skandaha Prajapathihi Mahendro Dhanadaha Kaalo Yamaha Somo Hyapampathihi (8) The one who himself is the essence of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Skanda(Kumara- son of God Shiva), Prajapathi (Lord of born beings) Mahendra (King of the Devas), Kubera (Dhanadaha, In charge of the wealth), Kala (eternal time), Yama (the Lord of death), Chandra (Soma, the moon God), The in charge of the waters (Varuna or Hyapampathi) Pitaro Vasavaha Sadhyah Ashwinau Marutho Manuhu Vayurvagnihi Prajaprana Ruthukartha Prabhakaraha (9) The one who is indeed the Pitaro (Ancestral manes), eight Vasava’s (givers of treasures), Sandhyas (semidivine yoginis), Ashwini devas (the physicians of celestials), Marutas (deities of storm), Manu (progenitor of human race) Vayu (God of wind), Agni (God of fire), Prajaprana (maker of the vital air of sustenance in living beings), Ruthukartha (maker of seasons), Prabhakara (the giver of the light) Adithyaha Savitha Suryaha Khagaha Pusha Gabhasthiman Suvarna-sadruso Bhanur Hiranyaretha Divakaraha (10) The one who is Aditya (Son of Aditi), the creator of universe, Surya (the inspirer of actions of the beings), Khaga (wanderer in sky), Pusha (the one who sustains the earth by initiating rains), the one with rays O the Lord, who radiates like gold, the luminous one, the one who contains the generative fluid as gold, the Divakara (maker of the day) Harid-ashwaha Sahasrarchi saptha sapthir marichimaan Timiron-madhanaha Shambhus twastha marthandako amsuman (11) With the horses that are in greenish colour, the one radiating with thousand rays, who has seven horses and with great rays The remover of darkness, bestower of auspiciousness, mitigator of sufferings, who is Marthanda, the reinfuser of creation, the omnipresent as his rays that penetrate everywhere Hiranyagarbhaha sisirasthapano bhaskaro ravihi Agni gharbho aditheh putraha sagkahaha sisiranasanaha (12) The primordial one who became the Trinity, the remover of tapa or affliction, who brings warmth, the maker of the day and the one praised by all O the one who have fire in his womb, the son of Aditi, the calming one and the remover of snow Vyomanathas-thamobhedhihi rugyajuhu samaparagaha Ghana vrushthir apam-mitro vindhya veedhee-plavangamaha (13) O The Lord of aether, dispeller of Rahu or darkness, the one with par excellence in Vedas By whom the great rains dispense, a friend to the waters (as the rays bring life and purifies waters), The one who move fast in the sky. Aathapi mandali mruthyuhu pingalaha sarvatapanaha Kavirshwo mahatejau rakthaha sarva bhavodbhavaha (14) Who is with his forms that are intensely absorbed, inflictor of death to the wicked, who is red in colour, desired by all the beings The one who is a great scholar, runs the worlds with great radiance, who affectionate all and acts as the starting place to the next generation or action Nakshatra graha taranamadhipo vishwabhavanaha Tejasamapi Tejaswi dwadasatmanna namosthuthe (15) He is the Lord of Stars, planets and constellations, who simulates everything in universe He who is resplendently illuminous with the illuminati of all, the one with twelve forms, I bow to you Namah purvaya giraye paschimayadraye namaha Jyothirganam pathaye dinadhipathaye namaha (16) Salutations to the deity of the eastern mountain (indicating the Sun rising), and of the western mountain (where the Sun sets). O the Lord of stellar bodies, Lord of the day, I bow to you Jayaya jaya bhadraya haryashwaya namonamaha Namo namaha sahasramso adityaya namo namaha (17) O the one who gives victory, the bestower of victory along with protection, the one with green coloured horses, my salutations to you My salutations to the one with thousand rays, O God Adithya I bow to you. Namah ugraya veeraya sarangaya namo namaha Namah padmaprabhodhaya marthandaya namo namaha (18) Salutations to you, who is terrible to wicked, who ably powers in achieving things, the one who travels fast, I bow to you My salutations to the one who makes the lotuses blossom, who is the Mardanda surya, I bow to you Brahmaesanatchyuthesaya suryaya-aditya varchase Bhasvathe sarva bhakshaya raudraya vapushe namaha (19) The one with the form of Brahma , Eeshana (Shiva) and Atchyutha (Vishnu), O the Surya, the one radiating in the Aditya rupa O the illuminating one, devourer of all, the one with the body like that of Rudra, I bow to you Tamognaya himaghnaya shatrughnaya mitatminae Kruthaghanghnaya devaya jothisham pataye namaha (20) He who dispels the darkness, destroyer of snow, remover of the enemies, whose extent is immeasurable The Lord of all, who is the annihilator of the ungreatful ones, the in charge of the stellar bodies, I bow to you Taptha chamekarabhaya vahnaye viswakarmane Namasthe moabhinighnaya ruchaye lokasakshine (21) The one who has radiance like that of a melted gold, the transcendental fire of divine knowledge, the maker of the universe I prostrate to you, the remover of darkness, the illuminating one, the witness of all the happenings in the lokas Nasayathyesha vai bhutham tadeva srujathi prabhuhu Payatyesha tapatyesha varshatyesha gabhasthibhihi (22) He is the one who destroys the universe at the end and he is the one who reinitiates the creation of the same The one who with his rays dry’s the water bodies, consumes the water, and brings them back as rains. Esha suptheshu jagarthi bhutheshu parinishtithaha Esha chaivagnihothram cha phalam chaivagni hothrinaam (23) O the one who lives in all the beings keeping them awake even when they are asleep Who is Agnihotram himself and also the fruit thereof achieved by the worshippers of the Agnihotram devascha krathavaschaiva krathunam phalamevacha Yani kruthyani lokeshu sarva esha ravihi prabhuhu (24) He is indeed the Lord in all actions, who is the essence underlying a krathu and the fruit achieved thereof, O the one who is the supreme Who is indeed a fulfiller of all the works in all the worlds, the supreme Lord Ravi (I bow to you) Phalastuti Enamapatsu krucchreshu kanthireshu bhayeshu cha Keerthiyan purushaha kaschinnavasidathi raghva (25) O Rama the one who recites this hymn will be protected during their difficult situations and times, at the forts, and during the times of fear Such ones who praise the glory of the Sun God will never be defeated. Puja yaswaina mekagro devadevam jagathpitham Etatri gunitham japthva yuddheshu vijayishyasi (26) Devoting with utmost concentration on almighty of the universe, the Lord of all the Lords And reciting this divine hymn three times a day one will come out victorious in the battle Asmin kshane mahabahau Ravanam twam vadhishyasi Eevamukthvya tada agasthyo jagamacha yadhagatham (27) Within this second, O’ Rama, Mahabaahu (one with great shoulders) you will destroy Ravana Thus spoke sage Agastya and then leaves his way Ethacchrutva mahateja nasta soko abhavattada Dharayamasa supreetho raghavaha prayatatmavaan (28) Listening to this hymn, Lord Rama with great radiance comes out of the deep sorrow And then invokes this mantra with great courage Adithyam prekshye japtwathu param harsha mavapthaman Trirachamya suchirbhuthya dhanuradaya veeryavan (29) Lord Rama, on seeing Aditya Bhagavan and obtaining his blessing feels very happy Later on doing the Achamanam three times thus becomes pure and then picks his mighty bow Ravanam prekshya hrusthatma yuddhaya samupagatam Sarvayatnena mahata vadhe tasya drutho abhavath (30) On seeing Ravana coming to fight, Rama then feels calm and smiles peacefully With all his efforts Rama finally determines to kill him (Ravana) Adhah ravi vadan nireekhya ramam Muditamanah paramam prahrushya manaha Nisicharapati  samkshayam vidhithva Suragana madhyagatho vachasthvarethi (31) After that (on seeing the determination of Rama), Lord Ravi with a delighted heart became highly astonished Further on understanding that the Ravanas future is coming to an end, Lord Surya stood in the middle of the Deva ganas and insisted Rama to be quick. Ithi Aditya hridayam
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